We get to celebrate diamonds all month long! It’s April, and that means a feature-focus on the most enthralling, most enduring precious jewel known to man. Having a diamond for your birthstone has more than a few perks – and here are some reminders of just what a marvel a diamond is.
Diamonds are among the oldest things in existence.
Most diamonds on earth were created during the formation of the planet, when the temperatures & pressures at the core were so high they could crystallize the pure carbon into the hardest material in existence.
Diamonds can be formed in supernovae (exploding stars), meteor impacts, and volcanic eruptions.
When you look at a diamond, you’re seeing a snapshot of the universe’s most spectacular power.
Diamonds aren’t the rarest gem. But take a look at just how hard it is to get one.
It takes on average a million parts earth removed to each single diamond mined. Only 20% are used in jewelry. Out of these, only one in a million is as large as a carat. A 1-carat diamond of gem quality is so rare that approximately 2,000 tons of earth are removed to find just one.
Diamonds are the hardest substance known anywhere.
On the 1 to 10 scale used to measure hardness, it’s the only thing around that measures 10. It’s 58 times harder than the next thing down on the list. Only another diamond can scratch a diamond.
Diamonds come in all colors.
Traces of minerals or gases that are trapped between the diamonds atoms respond to pressure, heat, or radiation with changes in color. Pure colorless diamonds are still the most desirable, but red is the rarest of all. Small amounts of nitrogen create a yellow tinge, while the gas boron gives off a blue color. Pink diamonds are still something of a mystery; unlike other colors, they contain no impurities. An atomic phenomenon is believed to trap the light spectrum, leaving only one color to escape.
The biggest diamond ever discovered is 2,500 miles wide.
That’s no joke. It’s in a white dwarf star named “Lucy.” (“You said how many carats?” – Read more…)
The biggest diamond discovered on earth measured over 3,000 carats.
Before cutting, the gem value of the Cullinan diamond in today’s money is estimated at $2 billion. This superstar didn’t sacrifice quality for quantity; its gem-quality clarity and near perfect color purity landed parts of the finished product among the British crown jewels. (World’s largest diamond found – Read more…)
Long before De Beers, the diamond was one of the most priceless things known to man.
The diamond giant De Beers helped make diamonds available to the general public, and told the world that “a diamond is forever.” But in the 1st century, Roman historian Pliny wrote, “Diamond is the most valuable, not only of precious stones, but of all things in this world.” The Mughal Empire of India, the most jewel-rich kingdom in history, amassed collections of diamonds that have been passed down through royalty to the present day.
About 90% of diamonds are cut in only 4 places in the world.
Most gem-quality diamonds, in their natural state, still aren’t up to par for wearing in jewelry. Fine diamonds are the result of nature’s collaboration with an experienced diamond cutter. This exclusive profession is often passed down in families. Their artistry, skill & many years of painstaking practice bring out the best of a diamonds natural beauty.
A diamond’s value is timeless.
As one of the world’s most precious substances, they have been greatly desired across the globe for countless ages. They are changeless and astonishingly durable. The powerful symbolism they embody only adds to their tremedous intrinsic worth. Diamonds don’t get old – only more valuable. That’s why they perfectly represent love, power, and the majesty & mystery of the universe.