Let’s face it – no other birthstone has quite so much confusion about its handle. (Except maybe “chalcedony,” and that’s not technically a birthstone.)
So which way is correct?
Webster’s dictionary defines the term “peridot” as “a deep yellowish-green transparent variety of olivine used as a gem” with the phonetic tag
\ˈper-ə-ˌdät, -ˌdō(t)\ indicating that both pronunciations are acceptable. So don’t worry – you haven’t been saying it wrong!
That said, in the jewelry industry, the preferred term is the more fluid, Continental-sounding “pair-a-doe.” This seems to be the default version in most parts of the world, with some experts claiming it is the only correct title.
St. John’s Island – a volcanic spot in the Red Sea – was once the ancient world’s primary source of peridot. The Greeks called it “Topazios.” (Image: The Giant Crystal Project)
To complicate matters, no one is really sure where the name comes from. Some suggest a source from the Arabic “faridat” for “gem,” or the Latin “paederot” for a kind of opal. The earliest known reference to a light green gem called by the familiar modern name is from 1700s France. Prior to that, this dazzling birthstone was lumped together with a number of precious stones under a handful of other names.
Somewhere along the line, the name stuck. In 1912, the American National Association of Jewelers adopted the peridot as the official August birthstone – a soothing, verdant sparkle to charm the dog days of summer.
Peridot, Arizona lies within lands belonging to the San Carlos Indian Nation.
Interestingly, a place called Peridot, Arizona is one of this country’s centers for mining the starry green gem. Residents pronounce the name of their town with a “t.” So whether the name controversy arose somewhere within its obscure origins, or from an uber-literal text reading in early America, we’re not quite clear.
What is perfectly clear is that this gorgeous and unique gem transcends most vocabulary. A striking vivid color and a lore of magical powers makes it an outstanding design statement that doesn’t need a lot of words to make its point.